Google Sheets Fill Down: Extend Your Data Series

Last Modified: February 14, 2024 - 4 min read

Hannah Recker

Google Sheets is a powerful web-based spreadsheet application that offers various functionalities to users.

One such feature is the fill down feature, which allows users to automatically fill cells with data or patterns. This can greatly increase efficiency and save time, especially when working with large datasets or repeated patterns.

In this article, we will explore the fill-down feature in depth, discuss its various uses, and share tips and tricks to help users get the most out of this helpful functionality. We’ll also explore how you can use AI within your spreadsheet to generate formulas, charts, pivots, and more, driving ultimate efficiencies.

Understanding Google Sheets Fill Down


Fill Down in Google Sheets is more than just a convenience—it’s a vital tool for ensuring data consistency, speeding up data entry, and maintaining accuracy, especially in large datasets.

Its a particularly useful for business operations teams, who often handle extensive and complex data.

How It Works

In Google Sheets, the Fill Down function relies on the fill handle, which is a small circle at the bottom-right corner of the selected cell or range of cells. By grabbing and dragging this handle, you can easily fill down cells with static data, sequential data, or formulas.

There are three primary ways you can use Fill Down:

1. Static Data: Simply select the cell with the data you wish to copy and grab the fill handle on the bottom right corner.

Selecting the fill handle in Google Sheets.

From there, simply drag down to fill the cells below.

Filling down a static tax rate in Google Sheets.
  • File Name: tax-rate-fill-down.png
  • Alt Text: Filling down a static tax rate in Google Sheets.

2. Sequential Data: Google Sheets can also identify patterns in your data and fill down cells accordingly.

For example, if you have the sequence 1, 2, 3 in the first three cells and you select those cells and drag the fill handle down, Google Sheets will continue the sequence with 4, 5, 6, and so on.

Extending a series of numbers in Google Sheets.

Formulas: Fill Down is especially useful when working with formulas. Select the cell with the formula you want to apply to the rows below, grab the fill handle, and drag down.

Advanced Techniques

Using Fill Down with Formulas

Google Sheets’ Fill Down feature allows users to efficiently populate data by extending patterns or formulas across multiple cells. Here’s how to use Fill Down with formulas:

Enter a Formula: Begin by entering a formula in the first cell of the range you want to fill. For example, if you’re calculating the percentage of monthly sales, enter your formula in the first cell next to your sales data.

Screenshot showing the entry of a formula in the first cell next to the January sales data in Google Sheets.

Select the Cell with the Formula: Click on the cell that contains your formula. You’ll notice a small blue square in the lower right corner of the cell – this is the fill handle.

Image displaying the selection of the cell containing the formula, with the fill handle (small blue square) in the lower right corner highlighted in Google Sheets

Drag the Fill Handle: Place your cursor over the fill handle. Click and drag it down to cover the desired range of cells where you want the formula applied.

Release to Fill: Once you’ve covered the desired range, release the mouse button. Google Sheets will automatically apply the formula to these cells.

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Image showing the release of the mouse button after dragging the fill handle, with the formula applied to all cells in the range in Google Sheets

The cell references in the formula will adjust based on relative or absolute references to provide the required output.

Use GPT to Automatically Generate Formulas

Now that you have formula fill downs… down, you may be looking for other Google Sheets efficiencies. You can use Coefficient’s free GPT Copilot to automatically generate any spreadsheet formula, pivot, or chart. To use GPT Copilot, you need to install Coefficient. The install process takes less than a minute.

First, you’ll get started for free by simply submitted your email.

Follow along with the prompts to install. Once the installation is finished, return to Extensions on the Google Sheets menu. Coefficient will be available as an add-on.

Now launch the app. Coefficient will run on the sidebar of your Google Sheet. Select GPT Copilot on the Coefficient sidebar.

 use the Coefficient GPT Copilot’s Formula builder to calculate the number of comments per post

Then click Formula Builder.

select formula builder

Type a description of a formula into the text box. For this example, let’s calculate the student average if the score is above 50. Let’s type: Calculate the average score in column B if the score is above 50.

Then press ‘Build’. Formula Builder will automatically generate the formula from the first example.

Simply paste your Google Sheets formula in the desired cell.


Mastering the Fill Down feature and AI in Google Sheets can significantly boost efficiency in your business operations. Fill downs and AI are simple yet powerful tools that, when used effectively, can save hours of manual data entry.

To further enhance your Google Sheets experience, consider using Coefficient, a spreadsheet connector that connects data from your favorite business solutions – without ever leaving your spreadsheets, taking your data management to the next level. Import the data once in just a few clicks, and set it on a refresh schedule.

Set Spreadsheet Data on Refresh

Try the Spreadsheet Automation Tool Over 300,000 Professionals are Raving About

Tired of spending endless hours manually pushing and pulling data into Google Sheets? Say goodbye to repetitive tasks and hello to efficiency with Coefficient, the leading spreadsheet automation tool trusted by over 300,000 professionals worldwide.

Sync data from your CRM, database, ads platforms, and more into Google Sheets in just a few clicks. Set it on a refresh schedule. And, use AI to write formulas and SQL, or build charts and pivots.

Hannah Recker Growth Marketer
Hannah Recker was a data-driven growth marketer before partying in the data became a thing. In her 12 years experience, she's become fascinated with the way data enablement amongst teams can truly make or break a business. This fascination drove her to taking a deep dive into the data industry over the past 4 years in her work at StreamSets and Coefficient.
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